The goal of the project PARIS (PrivAcy pReserving Infrastructure for Surveillance) is to define and demonstrate a methodological approach for the development of a surveillance infrastructure which enforces the right of citizens for privacy, justice and freedom. At the same time, it takes into account the evolving nature of such rights, since aspects that are acceptable today might not be acceptable in the future. It also includes the social and ethical nature of such rights, since the perception of such rights varies over time and in different countries.


The methodological approach will be based on two pillars:

  • a theoretical framework which balances surveillance with privacy/data protection and fully integrates the concept of accountability.
  • a process for the design of surveillance systems which from the start takes into account privacy (i.e. Privacy-by-Design) and accountability (i.e. Accountability-by-Design).

For more details, see the pages for Project Overview, Objectives & Approach, Expected Results, and the Factsheet.


  • Social / ethicAl / Legal / Technological Framework (SALT)
  • Privacy-by-Design (PbD)
  • Accountability-by-Design (AbD)

Latest News:

  • PARIS Tribute to Caspar Bowden
    1961 - 2015
    The members of the PARIS project regret the loss of Caspar Bowden, who died on July 9, 2015. His career was dedicated to the protection of privacy since the early 1990's. See the News page for a description of his contribution to the field of privacy protection.

  • 2nd IPEN Workshop
    5 June 2015, Leuven, Belgium
    The PARIS project is partially financing the second IPEN Workshop on Privacy Engineering.  The Internet Privacy Engineering Network (IPEN) was formed in 2014 by the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS). The event is hosted by the Law Faculty of the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.
  • Workshop on Ethical, Legal and Social Issues of Surveillance Technologies
    13 March 2015, Namur, Belgium
    The Centre de Recherche, Information, Droit, et Société (CRIDS) of the Univeristy of Namur hosts a Workshop on Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues of Surveillance Technologies that addresses the issues raised by technological innovation and scientific research. It includes the ethical, legal and social issues raised by technological innovation and scientific research, with an emphasis on surveillance and security technologies.
  • Workshop on Cultures of Accountability: A Cross-Cultural Perspective on Current and Future Accountability Mechanisms
    13 November 2014, Leuven, Belgium
    The Interdisciplinary Centre for Law and ICT /Centre for Intellectual Proprety Rights (ICRI/CIR) of the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven and iMinds organize a workshop on accountability. It is supported by the research projects SPION and PARIS.  It brings together 36 experts from academia, international organisations, civil society, privacy enforcement authorities, and industry. Its objective is to further the debate regarding the role of accountability in data protection regulation.

See the News page for more information.

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement number 312504.